Part I. Colonial governance and botanical practices.
Dominion, demonstration, and domination: religious doctrine, territorial politics, and French plant collection / Chandra Mukerji -- Walnuts at Hudson Bay, coral reefs in Gotland: the colonialism
of Linnaean botany / Staffan Muller-Wille -- Mission gardens: natural history and global expansion, 1720-1820 / Michael T. Bravo -- Gathering for the republic: botany in early republic America / Andrew J. Lewis.
Part II. Translating indigenous, creole, and European botanies: Local knowledge(s), global science.
Books, bodies, and fields: sixteenth-century transatlantic encounters with New World materia medica / Daniela Bleichmar -- Global economies and local knowledge in the East Indies: Jacobus Bontius learns the facts of nature / Harold J. Cook -- Prospecting for drugs: European naturalists in the West Indies / Londa Schiebinger -- Linnaean botany and Spanish imperial biopolitics / Antonio Lafuente and Nuria Valverde -- How derivative was Humboldt? microcosmic nature narratives in early modern Spanish America and the (other) origins of Humboldt's ecological sensibilities / Jorge Canizares-Esguerra.
Part III. Cash crops: making and remaking nature.
The conquest of spice and the Dutch colonial imaginary: seen and unseen in the visual culture of trade / Julie Berger Hochstrasser -- Of nutmegs and botanists: the colonial cultivation of botanical identity / E. C. Spary -- Out of Africa: colonial rice history in the black Atlantic / Judith Carney.
Part IV. Technologies of accumulation.
Collecting naturalia in the shadow of early modern Dutch trade / Claudia Swan -- Accounting for the natural world: double-entry bookkeeping in the field / Anke te Heesen -- Surgeons, fakirs, merchants, and craftspeople: making l'empereur's jardin in early modern south Asia / Kapil Raj -- Measurable difference: botany, climate, and the gardener's thermometer in eighteenth-century France / Marie-Noelle Bourguet.