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The philosophy of beards : a lecture physiological artistic & historical / By T.S. Gowing.
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"Expel nature with a razor, yet she will ever return" - Cover.
With an etched title page.
Cover imprint reads: Ipswich / J. Haddock / Lemare / London / Oxford Arms Passage / Paternoster Row.
Date of publication from a literary notice appearing in The Ipswich Journal, April 29 1854, which states that Mr. T.S. Gowing's "admirable lecture" has been published in octavo form by "Mr. Haddock of this town".
The lecture was originally presented at The Ipswich Mechanics Institute on March 21 1854 (Ipswich Journal October 22 1853), and proved so popular that it was presented again on April 25 1854 at the St. James Literary Institution in London. (Nottinghamshire Guardian April 6 1854)
"The Moustache Movement - The movement in favour of wearing the beard and moustache, to which, on sanitary grounds, we gave the first real impulse in this country, will be very materially aided by a lecture on the subject which was delivered by Mr. Thomas Shave Gowing, at the Ipswich Mechanics Institute, last week. Mr. Gowing has bestowed a large amount of time and research on the subject, and has brought much learning and ingenuity to bear upon it. The structure, intentions and uses of the beard were examined, and its artistic relations indicated : its history was next traced, and a reply given to some objections against wearing the beard not embraced in the preceding matter. Those who christened Mr. Gowing "Shave" little thought how powerful an opponent to the operation he would prove. Mr Gowing has undertaken to repeat the lecture on the 25th inst. at the St. James Literary Institution, in London." (Nottinghamshire Guardian April 6 1854, originally published in The Builder)
Publication details:
Ipswich ; London : J. Haddock ; Lemare
iv, 72 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
Described in his obituary as "an ardent friend to the masses", Thomas Shave Gowing had a lifelong interest in public education.
His middle name Shave was in acknowledgement of an ancestor who had been the printer of the Ipswich Journal.
At the
age of fifteen, he began working for The East India Company at India House in London. There, he became acquainted with his contemporary John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), whose family background was Utilitarian and heavily influenced by his father's friend, Jeremy Bentham.
By 1838, after several years living in Bonn and travelling extensively through Germany and Switzerland, Gowing had returned to Ipswich to take up a property which had been left to him by his uncle. There he built Mount Cottage.
From this time, Gowing devoted himself to the work of improving and supporting the Ipswich Mechanics' Institute, established in 1824, eventually becoming Chairman of the Committee of Management, a position he held for almost 30 years. Gowing's first lecture, held at the Mechanics' Institute, was a work on Prussian Normal schools, delivered on a visit to Ipswich while he was still residing in Germany. At this time, the question of Normal Schools was the subject of much debate in England. This lecture was subsequently published as "Normal schools and the principles of Government interference with education." (London, 1838.)
A member of the Ipswich Town Council from 1857 to 1866, Gowing's interests outside his devotion to the Mechanics' Institute, included local politics and landscape gardening. According to his obituary, he was "almost entirely" responsible for the design of the Upper Arboretum in what is now Christchurch Park in Ipswich. The Upper Arboretum was opened to the public in December 1853.
Thomas Shave Gowing died on 9th January 1874 at Mount Cottage from a brain haemorrhage.
(Ref. Ipswich Journal and Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire Advertiser: October 22 1853 ; April 29 1854 ; May 16 1863 ; January 13 1874.) A.B.
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Meroogal M86/414