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[Major Marriott's Indian sketches] [folio]
Record number:
Call No:
L2007/92
Author/s:
Subject:
Notes:
Contents: 1: Multifarious view &c -- 2: View of the left wing of the British Army on the Red Hills before Pondicherry Commanded by Col. Braithwaite -- 3: Villenore Gate Pondicherry by daylight, with a distant view of our Army encamp’d on the Red Hills -- 4: Villenore Gate with Bridge into the Ravelins moonlight & the rounds going -- 6. Left wing of the British Army on the Red Hills before Pondicherry Commanded by Col. Brathwaite. Sketched from memory in the month of October 94 -- 8: Entrance at the Bottom of the Hills to the Shivighurry Pollums or Comby (Strongholds in the Valley) Evening -- 9: Barrier in Shivighurry Pollum defended by the Rajah against Col Maxwell’s detachment -- 10: Thick Jungle & Stagnate Water where Tygers are most frequently found in Bengal - from description.
Provenance: The cover board of the folio carries a small paper label which reads 'Lot 128' and is annotated in ink: 'Mrs Marriott's sale. Major Marriott's Indian sketches'. A further inscription on the inner side of the board reads: 'From Mrs Marriott's sale / 1887'. 'Mrs Marriott' may be identified as Mrs Catherine Marriott, widow of Major Charles Marriott (1781-1848), brother of the author of the sketches. Catherine Marriott died on 28 August 1887 at Sellarsbrook in Herefordshire;
Sotheby's auction: The travel sale: Topographical pictures, London,15 November 2002, lot 42;
In 2004 the folio was part of a collection given to the Historic Houses Trust by the children of the late Caroline Simpson OAM (1930–2003).
Year:
[1792-1794]
Description:
1 vol, 8 leaves : 11 pencil, ink & watercolour sketches ; 58 x 45 cm [folio]
Type:
pictorial material
Thumbnail/s:
View of Nabob of Arcot's house from Esplanade of Fort St. Geo. with a Cannout on the Island. The garden comes down to the Beach[Panoramic view] 1.Saluting Battery Fort St. George Madras open to the sea; 2. Ships in the Roads; 3. Fort St. George; 4. Tippoo's Sons Cannaut or Tent Wall round their Tents; 5. Elephants of the Suite; 6. RiverPart of a Batt. encamped in a Tope with Cooleys coming up with Cotts, baggage &c, from inside of a tentSt. Thomas' Mount from the range of the Officers Quarters & Trees under A.View of the left wing of the British Army on the Red Hills before Pondicherry Commanded by Col. Braithwaite. Capitulated & Sketched Sept 23rd 1793Villenore Gate of Pondicherry by day light with distant view of our Army encamped on the Red Hills – from ParapetVillenore Gate of Pondicherry with Bridge into the Ravelin – Moonlight & the rounds goingLeft wing of the British Army on the Red Hills before Pondicherry Commanded by Col. Brathwaite. Capitulated on the 23rd Sept 93. Sketched from memory in the month of October 94Entrance at the Bottom of the Hills to the Shivighurry Pollums or Comby (Strongholds in the Valley) EveningBarrier in Shivighurry Pollum defended by the Rajah against Col Maxwell’s detachmentThick Jungle & Stagnate Water where Tygers are most frequently found in Bengal - from descriptionLot 128 Mrs Marriott's sale: Major Marriott's Indian ViewsContents list
Abstract:
Folio of pencil, ink and watercolour sketches by Thomas Marriott, third son of Randolph Marriott Esq (1736-1807) of Leases in Yorkshire, formerly a merchant in the British East India Company (H.E.I.C.S.). Thomas Marriott arrived in Madras in 1791 as
an Ensign in Madras Army, 1st Native Infantry. In 1792-1793 he was promoted to Lieutenant and served under Col. Hamilton Maxwell "in quelling the rebellion of the Southern Polygars". In 1793 he took part in the Siege of Pondicherry, serving in the engineer corps. Following the death of Tipu Sultan, ruler of the kingdom of Mysore, during the siege of Seringapatum Marriott was placed in charge of the Mysore Princes. He was promoted to Captain in 1800, Major in 1804 and Lieutenant-Colonel in 1805. He sailed for England on furlough in 1807, returning to India in 1811. He was appointed Colonel in 1814, stationed at Bangalore. He sailed for England on furlough in 1820 and was promoted to the rank of Major-general in July 1821 but did not return to India.[ref: entry for Major-General Thomas Marriott in 'The East India Military Calendar; containing the services of general and field officers of the Indian Army', 1826]
This folio comprises 8 large sheets sewn onto linen stubs and housed in a 58x45cm folder with marbled paper boards. Sheet 1 has 4 images tipped in on the sheet, all but one captioned below image and captioned and signed TMtt on the verso of each drawing. One sketch is missing, its absence revealed by the title on the sheet below its original location: From the Beach of Pondicherry. One small ship in the Roads with the Moon Rays falling, beyond it a surfe &c.
The 7 other sheets - images numbered 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9 and 10 - are each formed by large single images sewn directly onto a linen stub. A contents list tipped into the inside front board of the folio provides details of the missing sketches: 5. Bursting of a Shell in the inside of the Enfilading Battery at Pondicherry in the night -- 7. S.W. View Fort St. George, from the Island, the front ground occupied by the Kanaats of the Hostage Princes & their Encampment, March 1794 -- 11. Kistnaghurry North West View -- 12. Kistnaghurry South West View -- 13. Kistnaghurry North East View.
Drawing no.7 is held in the India Office collection of the British Library, purchased in 1990 and catalogued as 'The tents of the hostage sons of Tipu Sultan on the Island, Madras, with Fort St George beyond'.
All but one of the sketches are signed TMtt. Sheet 1 is also inscribed on the verso 'Randolph Marriott Esq / Thirsk' in a large bold hand and the verso of Sheet 2 carries an annotation in the same hand: 'Spoilt by ye paper inking'. Randolph Marriott's signature on the verso of sheet 1 led Sotheby's to attribute all of the sketches in this folio to him, rather than his son Thomas, when the folio was sold at auction in London in November 2002. [MM, September 2019]
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