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Villenore Gate of Pondicherry with Bridge into the Ravelin – Moonlight & the rounds going / Thomas Marriott
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Title:
Villenore Gate of Pondicherry with Bridge into the Ravelin – Moonlight & the rounds going / Thomas Marriott
Creator:
Date:
1793
Format:
Watercolour with grey wash over pencil on paper: col ; 27.5 x 42.5 cm.
Inscription:
Captioned in ink on verso: 'Villenore Gate of Pondicherry with Bridge into the Ravelin – Moonlight & the rounds going’. Signed TMtt
Subject:
Series:
Description:
This watercolour is sheet no.4 in a folio of Indian sketches made in 1792-1794 by Lieutenant Thomas Marriott while serving as an officer in the Madras Army of the British East India Company.
Although undated, this sketch relates to the August 1793 Siege of Pondicherry in which the British colonial army laid siege to the fort of Pondicherry, the centre of French colonial settlement in India. The French surrendered to Colonel Braithwaite, acting Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army, on 23 August, given authorisation by Colonel Prosper de Clermont, French governor of Pondicherry, to take possession of the two main entrances to the city, the Villanore gate on the south-west of the city and the Madras gate to the north.
Marriott’s sketch shows some details of the defences of Pondicherrry including the wet ditch, curtain walls and ravelins or triangular fortifications outside the gates. The role of the outer side of the ravelin was to divide an assault force while the inner side was usually a low wall so as not to provide shelter to attacking forces. Marriott depicts a British army patrol inside this low wall. [MM, September 2019]
Provenance:
Mrs Catherine Marriott (1800-1887), 1887; Sotheby's auction: The travel sale: Topographical pictures, London,15 November 2002, lot 42; Caroline Simpson Collection, Clydebank, 2002-2003.
Rights:
You may save or print this image for research and study. If you wish to use it for any other purposes, you must contact Sydney Living Museums to request permission.
Material Type:
Picture
Record number:
55753