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Entrance at the Bottom of the Hills to the Shivighurry Pollums or Comby (Strongholds in the Valleys) – Evening / Thomas Marriott
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Title:
Entrance at the Bottom of the Hills to the Shivighurry Pollums or Comby (Strongholds in the Valleys) – Evening / Thomas Marriott
Creator:
Date:
[1792]
Format:
Watercolour with grey wash over pencil on paper: col ; 38 x 54 cm.
Inscription:
Captioned in ink on verso: ‘Entrance at the Bottom of the Hills to the Shivig…… Pollums or Comby (Strongholds in the Valeys) – Evening - Partly an imitation of Oil paintings from the badness of the Paper’. Signed TMtt Listed in index as: ‘Entrance at the Bottom of the Hills to the Shivighurry Pollums or Comby (Storeholds in the Valley) Evening’
Subject:
Series:
Description:
This watercolour is sheet no.8 in a folio of Indian sketches made in 1792-1794 by Lieutenant Thomas Marriott while serving as an officer in the Madras Army of the British East India Company.
Marriott’s reference to a ‘Pollum’ (also spelled poliam, palayam etc) in his caption for this sketch is a reference to a feudal system of fortified villages rules by a class of territorial, administrative and military governors (Poligars, Palegars, Poligers etc) appointed by the Nayaka rulers of southern India during the 16th-18th centuries. The Sivagiri (spelled by Marriott as Shivaghurry) palayam was one of the palayams of ancient Madurai, located on the leeward side of the Western Ghats in what is now the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Marriott’s ‘Comby’ is a reference to Kombai, a hill stockade of the Poligar of Sivagiri. [MM, September 2019]
Provenance:
Mrs Catherine Marriott (1800-1887), 1887; Sotheby's auction: The travel sale: Topographical pictures, London,15 November 2002, lot 42; Caroline Simpson Collection, Clydebank, 2002-2003.
Rights:
You may save or print this image for research and study. If you wish to use it for any other purposes, you must contact Sydney Living Museums to request permission.
Material Type:
Picture
Record number:
55754